Dec 05, 2020  
2013-2014 Catalog 
    
2013-2014 Catalog [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Elementary Education


Introduction

The Department of Elementary Education offers professional education programs that lead to recommendation to the Office of the Superintendent of Public Instruction for residency teacher certification in the state of Washington. Students are encouraged to visit the departmental offices in Miller Hall 301 for information on program offerings that meet their individual needs.

The programs in elementary education are designed to prepare thoughtful, knowledgeable, and effective educators for a diverse society. Consistent with national and state standards for what teachers should know and be able to do, the elementary education curriculum offers carefully sequenced professional programs that are firmly backed by current research on effective teaching and learning.

Information

Individuals interested in teacher education can obtain information from the Website at www.wce.wwu.edu/Admiss. Inquiries should be directed to Woodring College Teacher Education Admissions, Student Services, Miller Hall 150, phone 360-650-3313, e-mail address TeacherEdAdmissions@wwu.edu. Written inquiries may be addressed to Teacher Education Admissions, Western Washington University, MS-9090, 516 High St., Bellingham, WA 98225-9090.

Information about elementary education programs may be obtained by visiting the department Website at www.wce.wwu.edu/Depts/ELED. Applicants who wish to speak with a faculty advisor may request an appointment through the elementary education department office in Miller Hall 301D, phone 360-650-3336, e-mail address Ellen.Kreider@wwu.edu.

Those persons interested in graduate programs should consult the Graduate School section of this catalog or contact the Graduate School directly, phone 360-650-3170, e-mail gradschl@wwu.edu. Written inquiries may be addressed to the Graduate School, Old Main 530, MS-9037, Western Washington University, 516 High St., Bellingham, WA 98225-9037.

Faculty

DAVID CARROLL (2001) Chair and Professor. BA, Antioch College; MA, Leslie College; PhD, Michigan State University.
JOANNE CARNEY (2003) Professor. BA, MA, Gannon University; PhD, University of Washington.
CARMEN LUCIA AVILA CERVERA (2008) Instructor. BA Instituto Michoacano de Ciencias de la Educacion, Morelia, Mexico; MS Western Washington University.
MARILYN CHU (2008) Associate Professor. BA, University of Michigan- Ann Arbor; MA, Western Washington University; EdD, Nova Southeastern University, Florida.
TRACY COSKIE (2003) Professor. BA, University of Rochester; MEd, PhD, University of Washington.
PAULA DAGNON (2007) Associate Professor. BA, Whitman College; MA, University of Connecticut, Storrs; PhD, University of Connecticut, Storrs.
MARIA TIMMONS FLORES (2008) Associate Professor. MED, Western Washington University; PhD, University of Colorado Boulder.
KRISTEN FRENCH (2007) Associate Professor, BA, Western Washington University; MA, University of Massachusetts-Amherst; EdD, University of Massachusetts-Amherst.
JENNIFER GREEN (2012) Assistant Professor, BA, Gustavus Adolphus College, MAT; MAT, School for International Training; PhD, University of Connecticut.
KAREN J. HOELSCHER (1992) Professor. BS, Bemidji State University; MS, Mankato State University; EdD, Harvard University.
EILEEN HUGHES (2005) Associate Professor. BS, Whittier College; MS, University of Wisconsin, Madison; PhD, University of Oregon.
MITCHELL JANCIC (2006) Senior Instructor. MA, California State University; PhD, University of California-Santa Barbara.
DIANE MAJORS (1994) Senior Instructor. MA, University of Oregon.
MATTHEW MILLER (2005) Associate Professor. BA, St. Olaf College; MA, University of Arizona; MEd, University of Minnesota; PhD, University of Washington.
CHRIS OHANA (1999) Associate Professor. BA, University of California‑Berkeley; MA, University of Oregon; PhD, Iowa State University.
MARSHA RIDDLE BULY (1999) Professor. BA, Western Washington University; MA, California State University; PhD, University of Washington.
PATRICIA SKILLMAN (1988) Senior Instructor. Director TESOL Program. BA, Stanford University; MED, Western Washington University.
KATHRYN WAYNE (1992) Associate Professor. BA University of Oregon; PhD, University of Oregon, Stanford.

Elementary Education Programs

The Department of Elementary Education offers the following programs:

  • Elementary Education (Undergraduate and Post-Baccalaureate) – This program leads to a recommendation to the state of Washington for a teaching certificate with an Elementary Education endorsement. Requirements include completion of the Elementary Education Professional Program, a major in an approved area, and a one-year internship experience that includes one quarter of full-time teaching.
  • Language, Literacy, and Cultural Studies Major – This departmental major is one of 17 approved academic majors that students may choose from to accompany the Elementary Education Professional Program.
  • Reading Endorsement – The Reading Endorsement is offered for students who wish to have the opportunity to further their knowledge and skills for literacy instruction. Students will deepen their knowledge of language and literacy learning, while building their capacity to help all students achieve as readers, writers, and language users.
  • Bilingual Education Endorsement This program leads to an additional endorsement in Bilingual Education when accompanied by a professional teacher education program and a first endorsement in another content area. Also required is a cultural studies course taught in the language of that culture or demonstration of equivalent experience. Expected proficiency is equivalent to a major in the language other than English, and oral and written proficiency at the ACTFL mid-advanced level. Each required course must be completed with a grade of B- (2.7) or better. A passing score on the Bilingual Education WEST-E and an assessment in the non-English language of instruction is required by the state.
  • English Language Learner Endorsement - This program leads to an additional endorsement in English Language Learners based on Washington state English Language Learners endorsement competencies, when accompanied by a professional teacher education program and a first endorsement in another content area. Students must demonstrate study of another culture (gained through experience, or the minimum of 3 credits of approved course work) and the equivalent of one year of college-level foreign language study. A passing score on the ELL WEST-E is required by the state.
  • Early Childhood Education (Undergraduate) — The Early Childhood Education Program offers three options to students. All options are for candidates seeking a profession in early childhood education and specialization in working with young children and their families.  The Non-certification option is designed for individuals who want to work in positions specific to the birth to eight years age-range in childcare, HeadStart or with school-age children in after-school programs. The P-3 option is designed for students wanting to specialize in early childhood education (birth through third grade) and seek a teaching endorsement to work in the public schools. The Dual Endorsement option is for candidates who seek two teaching endorsements to work in the public schools (P-3rd and Elementary Grades).
  • Bilingual Education Minor – Undergraduates may complete a 33-credit minor in Bilingual Education. To declare the Bilingual Education minor, students must complete a cultural studies course taught in the language of that culture, or demonstrate the equivalent in experience. Students must also be recommended by the department of Modern and Classical Languages prior to enrolling in the seminar and practicum in Bilingual Education or declaring the minor. Students must complete the minor with a minimum GPA of 2.7 in minor course work.
  • Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages Minor – The TESOL minor is available to undergraduate students in the TESOL certificate program with a focus on adult learners. Students earning an ELL and/or Bilingual Education endorsement may choose to complete either 27-credit TESOL minor with a focus on P-12 learners or the 33-credit Bilingual Education minor, but not both. To declare the TESOL minor, students must demonstrate study of another culture (gained through experience, or the minimum of 3 credits of approved course work) and the equivalent of one year of college-level foreign language study.
  • Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages Certificate – The TESOL Program focuses on preparing participants to work with English language learners to develop their English language skills. Works is most often in international language schools, community language school settings for new or recent immigrants, and community college ESL classes. Completion of the 27-credit sequence of courses results in a certificate of achievement.

The Department of Special Education and Education Leadership offers the following integrated dual endorsement program:

  • Special Education and Elementary Education — This program leads to a recommendation to the state of Washington for a teaching certificate endorsed in Special Education and Elementary Education. Requirements include completion of the professional studies core, major in special education, and elementary program curriculum and methods, and two internships, each one quarter in length. See the Special Education section of this catalog for further information.

The No Child Left Behind (NCLB) “highly qualified teacher” requirement may impact eligibility for certain middle school teaching assignments in a core academic subject(s). Students are responsible for consulting with an advisor for further information on NCLB.

Certification 

The Washington Administrative Code specifies the requirements for earning a Washington state teacher certificate. State-approved preparation programs and certification requirements align with state learning goals and essential academic learning requirements, and require candidates to demonstrate that they have made a positive impact on student learning. First-level residency certification programs are designed around the standards of effective teaching, professional development, and teaching as a profession. Second-level professional certification requirements are designed around the standards of effective teaching, professional development, and professional contributions.

State requirements for teacher certification at the time of completion of a student’s program will supersede those outlined in this catalog. These changes may affect the time it takes for a student to complete the teacher education program.

Residency Teacher Certification

The first-level residency certificate is awarded to new teachers upon the completion of these general requirements:

  • A baccalaureate or higher-level degree from a regionally accredited college or university
  • A state-approved, performance-based teacher preparation program that includes preparation in an endorsable subject area, teaching methodology, and an internship
  • Evidence of good moral character and personal fitness

Candidates for residency certification must pass a subject knowledge assessment, the Washington Educator Skills Test — Endorsements (WEST-E), to receive an endorsement for certification. WWU requires submission of a passing WEST-E score for each endorsement to be earned, before commencement of the student teaching internship. For current information on test requirements, registration, fees, and test dates and locations, refer to the WEST-E Resource Website, www.wce.wwu.edu/Resources/Endorsements/WEST-E.shtml. Candidates for residency certification must also complete the state of Washington Preservice Teacher Performance Assessment during the student teaching internship. Application for the residency certificate is made to Woodring College Certification Office, Student Services, Miller Hall 150, phone 360-650-4930, no later than three months prior to the start of the internship.

The first-issue residency certification has no defined expiration date. It is valid until the teacher completes at least 1.5 years of successful teaching experience accumulated over a minimum of two years in a state-approved public, private or state-operated education program. A three year residency certificate is then issued by the state. The timeline for earning a second level professional certificate begins with the re-issued residency certificate.

Professional Teacher Certification

The second-level professional certificate is awarded to experienced teachers who hold a valid residency certificate, and who pass the Washington ProTeach Portfolio assessment or earn national board certification through the National Board for Professional Teaching Standards. For further information, contact the Woodring College of Education certification officer at 360-650-4630, Miller Hall 150.

Endorsements

An endorsement identifies the subject matter in which a teacher is prepared and authorized by the state to teach. One qualifying endorsement is required for residency certification. Courses required for a teaching endorsement and the professional education sequence must be completed with a grade of C (2.0) or better. Elementary education students complete the professional program and an approved major designed specifically for elementary education candidates to earn a residency certificate endorsed in Elementary Education. Approved academic majors are listed below under Choosing an Academic Major. Early childhood education students complete the professional program and the Early Childhood Education (P-3) Major or the Early Childhood Education (P-3) and Elementary Education major to earn a residency certificate endorsed in Early Childhood Education (P-3). Students may earn an additional endorsement in Bilingual Education, English Language Learner, or Reading through the Department of Elementary Education.

For information on other additional endorsement programs offered throughout the University, contact the Woodring College of Education certification officer at 360-650-4630, Miller Hall 150.

Choosing an Academic Major

Students who wish to earn a teacher certificate endorsed in Early Childhood Education must also complete the early childhood education major or the early childhood education with elementary education major.  

Students who wish to earn a teacher certificate endorsed in Elementary Education must also complete one of the approved academic majors for elementary education. They include anthropology; art; communication; environmental studies; foreign language (French, German, and Spanish); general science; general science-middle level; geography; geology (earth science); history; language, literacy, and cultural studies; mathematics; psychology (human development); sociology; special education. While information on each of these majors is available throughout this catalog, it is important to seek advisement from faculty in the appropriate department before beginning work on an academic major.

Professional Program Requirements

Program Length

While it is possible to earn a bachelor’s degree and initial teaching certificate with certain majors in four academic years, most students require slightly longer. Following acceptance by the College of Education, which requires at least sophomore status, the student should expect to take seven to eight quarters to complete the teacher certification program. During these remaining quarters, the student has time to work on the academic major and General University Requirements (GURs). Students who enter the College of Education as juniors (e.g., many transfer students) should have satisfied nearly all of the GURs and should have a good start on their academic major.

Declaration Process

All applicants to the Woodring College of Education undergraduate and post-baccalaureate teacher education programs must be formally admitted to and currently enrolled at Western Washington University or must apply to Western for the same quarter they apply to teacher education. Woodring College teacher education program application materials are available in Miller Hall 250 and are also printable from www.wce.wwu.edu/Admiss.

The requirements listed below are minimum application criteria. Enrollment restrictions apply to teacher education programs. Meeting the following requirements makes the applicant eligible for admission consideration but does not guarantee admission. Students who meet all criteria are further evaluated to determine the most qualified applicants. Students will be evaluated on all information provided with the application, including required copies of transcripts from all prior colleges.

Application criteria:

  • Completion of at least 45 quarter credits of college-level course work
  • Cumulative grade point average of 2.75 or higher overall college-level work or over the last 45 credits
  • Passing scores on all three subtests (reading, mathematics, writing) of the Washington Educator Skills Test-Basic (WEST-B); visit the WEST-B Website at www.west.nesinc.com for more information
  • Completion of an English composition course with a grade of B- (2.7) or higher
  • Experiences with children, strong interpersonal communication skills, and other skills helpful in teaching are given special emphasis. 

Program Continuation

Students admitted to the Woodring College of Education must meet specified requirements throughout the course of their teacher education program in order to remain in the program.

Requirements upon Program Admission

  • Institutional Application for a Teacher’s Certificate and Character and Fitness Supplement, and background checks as described below under Character and Fitness
  • Woodring College of Education Professional Orientation
  • Woodring College of Education Prevention of Sexual Harassment Training
  • Woodring College of Education Blood-Borne Pathogens Training

Character and Fitness

The Washington Administrative Code requires applicants for teacher certification to give evidence of “good moral character and personal fitness.” Students provide evidence of character and fitness through two separate but related processes:

  • An Institutional Application for a Teacher’s Certificate and Character and Fitness Supplement, provided to students upon acceptance into the program. The application for certification requires candidates to answer questions regarding professional fitness, criminal history and personal conduct. Students with “yes” responses must report to the certification officer in Miller Hall 150 before registering for classes
  • Washington State Patrol and FBI background checks through a fingerprinting process. Procedures and fee information are provided to students upon acceptance into the program

No student in a teacher education program may participate in a University-sponsored activity in the public schools until cleared by the Washington State Patrol, or in some cases, investigated and then cleared by the Washington State Office of Superintendent of Public Instruction. Clearances are valid for specified time frames. Students must maintain character and fitness clearance until they have been recommended for a residency teacher certificate following completion of the teacher education program.

In addition to the Washington state character and fitness requirements noted above, students must abide by the Woodring College of Education conduct policies acknowledged in the Student Conduct Requirements and Agreement, which is submitted with program application materials.

General Retention Requirements

  • Students must maintain at least a 2.75 GPA, beginning with the quarter they are notified of admission to Elementary Education. This requirement applies even to quarters where no education courses are being taken. Students who fail to meet this standard will receive a letter advising them that they have been dropped from the program. Grade point average for the academic major or minor may differ among academic departments
  • Students must earn a grade of C (2.0) or better in both the professional education sequence and in all courses required for the endorsement
  • Students must understand and demonstrate a high level of competence in the English language. Those who have difficulty in their verbal and/or written communications should expect to seek remediation before beginning the internship
  • Students who interrupt enrollment in a teacher education program for more than two consecutive quarters (summer quarter not included) must meet all program admission, completion and certification requirements in place for the quarter in which they expect to return.

Other Departmental Information

Program Completion

To qualify for program completion and recommendation for state of Washington residency certification, students must complete the following requirements and assessments:

  • A baccalaureate or higher-level degree from a regionally accredited college or university
  • A state-approved, performance-based teacher preparation program that includes preparation in an endorsable subject area, teaching methodology, and an internship
  • Evidence of good moral character and personal fitness
  • Minimum scores set by the state of Washington on the Washington Educator Skills Test (WEST-E) for the qualifying endorsement area(s)
  • Completion of the Washington Preservice Teacher Performance Assessment
  • Successful completion of the student teaching internship as shown by performance on the WWU Intern Development and Evaluation System (IDES)

Internship

An important experience for teacher certification candidates is the student teaching internship. Students spend two quarters taking final classes in the program along with time in their assigned classroom preparing for quarter three when they are full-time teaching under the direct supervision of a certificated teacher in a school setting. This internship involves intensive practice in integrating methods, content area knowledge, and classroom organizational strategies.

Students will be able to work part time during two quarters of the three quarter internship. However, one quarter of the internship involves full-time teaching responsibilities. It is our advice that candidates NOT work during the full-time internship so they may gain maximum benefit from the experience and perform at his or her highest ability.

Because the internship should be completed in a single classroom for all three quarters, it is likely that internship placement will be in a school site within Whatcom and Skagit counties. Exceptions to this rule will be made for students approved by the department to enroll in the Global Student Teaching Program.

The Office of Field Experiences (OFE) is the service agency of the Woodring College of Education that seeks placement for prospective interns. Students apply for their internship around January prior to a fall internship start quarter, or April prior to a winter or spring internship start quarter. Specific dates for informational meetings and application deadlines are published on the OFE Website, www.wce.wwu.edu/Resources/OFE.

Before commencement of the internship, passing scores on the WEST-E for each endorsement must be submitted, all educational endorsement course work and practica must be completed, and fingerprint/character and fitness clearance must be valid. Students who interrupt enrollment for a quarter or more must meet the deadline for filing a returning student application.

OFE does not guarantee placements. Placement in a school is contingent upon:

  • Fulfillment of all program requirements (satisfactory academic work, education and endorsement program course work and training, practica, and faculty recommendations)
  • Submission of passing scores on the WEST-E test(s) for each endorsement
  • Availability of placements and supervision in specific subjects and grade levels
  • Acceptance by P-12 school personnel
  • Fingerprint/character and fitness clearance through the point of certification

Students are required to interview with the public school teacher to whom they will be assigned, for final approval of placement. OFE will make every effort to arrange up to three initial interviews but does not guarantee an interview.

Any subsequent placement after a voluntary or nonvoluntary withdrawal from an internship will be granted only by faculty recommendation following a case conference.

For further information, contact the Woodring College Office of Field Experiences, Student Services, phone 360-650-3310, Miller Hall 150.

Instructional Technology

The Instructional Technology program offers instruction and research opportunities in the use of instructional technology in education and training, including effective use of emerging and mobile technologies. The program’s offerings are designed for those who wish to improve or develop their abilities to select, use, adapt, and create learning materials incorporating technology. This program provides teachers and trainers with background necessary to integrate instructional technology into their lessons.

For further information, contact the program advisement office, Miller Hall 301D, phone 360-650-7948, e-mail Ellen.Kreider@wwu.edu.

Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages Certificate Program

The TESOL Certificate Program focuses on preparing participants to work with English language learners who are interested in developing their skills in English. Work is most often in international language schools, community language school settings for new or recent immigrants, and community college ESL classes. Students earning the TESOL certificate with an adult focus must demonstrate competencies for teaching adults in language programs.

Completion of the 27 credit sequence of courses results in a certificate of achievement in TESOL awarded by the TESOL program at the university. This certificate can be used both domestically and internationally as evidence of in-depth training in Teaching English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL).

Developing effective skills to work cross-linguistically and cross-culturally is a central objective of the program course work. Non-native speakers of English are required to have a TOEFL score of 550 or higher prior to beginning the program. Completion of any certificate, minor, or endorsement requires cross-cultural study and study of a foreign language. The cross-cultural and foreign language requirements may be satisfied through previous course work or experience, or concurrently with the program, at the discretion of the program director.

Completion of a certificate or minor requires cross-cultural study (gained through experience, or the minimum of 3 credits of approved course work) and the equivalent of one year of college-level foreign language study.

The program course work is offered in two formats: online and face-to-face. Many students choose to take late afternoon courses during fall, winter and spring quarters with an intensive summer option. Others choose to take the certificate courses online. Still others combine courses from face-to-face and online options. Students fully admitted to Western may integrate a concentration in TESOL into the course work of several majors, such as linguistics and American cultural studies, recognizing that the TESOL certificate is offered through Extended Education and requires a different type of registration.

All applicants should contact the Elementary Education office for advising on the admissions process, which will include an application to the TESOL program, and formal admission to the University. TESOL information is available by phone at 360-650-3336, or visit the website at http://www.acadweb.wwu.edu/eesp/tesol/index.shtml.

Graduate Study

The Department of Elementary Education offers a Master of Education in Literacy designed for educators who want to deepen their knowledge and practice in literacy instruction. See the Graduate School  section of this catalog.

Programs

    Undergraduate MajorUndergraduate MinorGraduateEndorsementCertificationProfessional Program Requirements

    Courses

      Early Childhood Education

      Courses numbered X37; X97; 300, 400 are described in the University Academic Policies  section of this catalog.

      Elementary Education

      Courses numbered X37; X97; 300, 400, 500 are described in the University Academic Policies  section of this catalog.

      English Language Learners

       

      Instructional Technology

      Courses numbered X37; X97; 300, 400, 500 are described in the University Academic Policies  section of this catalog.

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